Wednesday, June 29, 2022

Moon: Mysterious rocket crash baffles scientists


WION Channel on Youtube shows that a mystery rocket has crashed into moon creating two large craters. Scientists are baffled, they don't know where the rocket came from & why the impact was spread over two distinct areas. Palki Sharma reports.

A mysterious rocket certainly crashed into the moon on March 4, leaving behind a 'double crater,' NASA reported. 

The large size of the crater is certainly big.

The strange impact left behind a so-called widespread "double crater," meaning it wasn't a usual rocket. 

Since the crash, none of Earth's space-exploring nations have claimed responsibility for the mysterious projectile. New images shared on June 24 by NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter show the so-called unusual impact site.

COVID-19: How vulnerable Canadians can travel safely as restrictions lift


Global News on Youtube shows that with the summer here and COVID-19 restrictions lifting, many people are excited to get away.

But as rules start to relax, and unvaccinated Canadians begin taking flights and trains, vulnerable Canadians are wondering what this could mean for their health.

But as Global’s Sharmeen Somani explains, experts say taking a few simple steps could help reduce their risks.

Canada: Quebec surge in COVID caused by new subvariant


CityNews on Youtube shows the health story.

"It might be a tough ride, but it's feasible," says Quebec public health director Dr. Luc Boileau, on overcoming the new Omicron subvariants that have caused cases to spike in the province. Brittany Henriques reports.

Thursday, June 16, 2022

Bank of Canada warns homeowners of increasing mortgage rates


CBC News on Youtube shows that personal finance columnist Rubina Ahmed-Haq says the Bank of Canada is making sure people are prepared for higher mortgage payments in the years to come.

Surging gas prices in Canada taking a toll on summer tourism


Global News on Youtube shows that gas prices continue to skyrocket across the country and with other expenses surging from inflation, many Canadians are feeling the financial strain.

If you're looking to catch a break this summer, it's not looking so good.

With prices as high as they are at the pump, it's beginning to spoil vacation plans and put a damper on tourism within Canada as well. Julia Foy reports.

Why Canadian markets are strong — despite global inflation


"CBC News: The National" on Youtube shows the interesting story. CBC's Senior business correspondent Peter Armstrong explains why Canada's economy is the envy of the developed world amid rising interest rates and inflation and the threat of a recession.

Unvaccinated Canadians can now board planes, trains as feds drop vaccine mandate


Global News on Youtube shows that Unvaccinated Canadians can board a plane or passenger train in this country once again.

The Canadian federal government announced Tuesday it is suspending its mandatory COVID-19 vaccination policy for air and rail travelers with infections rapidly declining across Canada.

The policy change will take effect on June 20.

The federal government will also no longer require employees in the federally regulated air, rail and marine transportation sectors to be fully vaccinated.

News of the policy change one day after Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau announced he has tested positive for COVID-19 for the second time in six months. He is fully vaccinated.

Canadian airports are also struggling to keep up with the surge in travelers taking to the skies once again following two and a half years largely homebound amid pandemic public health measures.

Canada to end vaccine mandates for domestic travel, outbound flights


CBC News on Youtube shows that the federal government is set to announce an end to vaccine mandates for domestic travel on planes and trains, as well as outbound international travel, CBC News has learned.

Bitcoin Price at Jun 16 2022: 20,973 USD



Crypto markets really fell this month. Some investors got "burned."

Certain souvenir cryptocurrency coins representing three major digital tokens, including stablecoin tether, got caught in the downdraft as another stablecoin, terra, ended trading after 'its catastrophic failure,' says one Canadian expert, which 'contributed to the larger crypto sell-off.'

Not all people realised what kind of a risk they were getting themselves into.

"Extreme market conditions" are happening.

Bitcoin Price: Jun 15 - 22,503 USD

Bitcoin Price: Jun 16 - 20,973 USD

Bitcoin's (BTC) price neared $20,000 during European hours Wednesday as it extended a 12-week slide.

Crypto lender Celsius paused all withdrawals earlier this week citing "extreme market conditions," leading to questions about the firm’s liquidity.

Prominent crypto fund Three Arrows faced at least $400 million in liquidations and scrambled to lower its collateral levels by selling key positions Wednesday morning, as reported.

Bitcoin fell to just above the $22,000 level in USA hours Tuesday. The decline gathered pace Wednesday morning, with the cryptocurrency sliding under $21,000, dropping for the eighth consecutive day and losing 30% over the past week.

They are too optimistic (those who think that Bitcoin will go to $1,000,000 by 2030).

The latest plunge in prices for Bitcoin is significant.

Bitcoin, the world's first and most-popular so-called cryptocurrency, reached a new all-time high over $68,000 USD on Nov. 10. Bitcoin's previous record high came in October, when it nearly hit $67,000 USD.

The most popular cryptocurrency has shed about 70% of its value since hitting an all-time high of roughly $69,000 in November. The entire crypto market is having similar losses. The overall market capitalization of crypto assets has dropped to less than $1 trillion from its November 2021 peak of $3 trillion.

Bitcoin really tumbles these days as crypto sell-off continues.

The world’s largest cryptocurrency has decreased about 70 percent since its record high of $69,000 USD in November.

Bitcoin fell on Wednesday to a new 18-month low, dragging smaller tokens down with it.

The so-called asset is nearing a price level not seen since 2020 as prominent crypto firms see possible insolvencies.

In other important news, The USA Consumer Price Index (CPI) report for May showed inflation in the world's biggest economy hit 8.6% on a year-on-year basis.

Sunday, May 22, 2022

Canada's COVID-19 travel restrictions: doctor says time to re-examine


Global News Channel on Youtube shows that excessively long line-ups and delays continue to plague many airports across Canada, especially at Toronto's Pearson Airport. COVID-19 measures like random testing and health questions are just one of the reasons. But do we still need them?

Dr. Sumon Chakrabarti says at this phase of the pandemic, the measures are not medically useful - with the vast majority of Canadians vaccinated and the others "largely immune" from exposure, and it's time to re-examine and "scrap a lot of this theatre."

"I don't think we're actually doing anything that's medically useful, and it's obviously causing a lot of delay in travel, making travel very difficult."

On the vaccine mandate for travel at this point in the pandemic, Chakrabarti called it discriminatory:

"You're basically now just keeping people who are unable to get or who don't want to get vaccinated or are unable to get vaccinated off a plane for no good medical reason...I think it's time to now drop that mandate and allow people who haven't gotten the vaccine to now board planes and trains to be able to go see their loved ones."

Canadians at passport offices: more long lines


Global News Channel on Youtube shows that it has become a common sight at Service Canada offices: long lines of people trying to get or renew their so-called passports as the need to travel resurfaces.

But even in May, online appointments remain scarce and the line ups are still as long as ever - with no change on the horizon. Some travel experts certainly say the government was also not prepared for thousands of passport applications to be filed in March and April.

Mike Drolet reports why speeding up the process is not really as simple as just hiring more staff.

4 people died in Canada Thunderstorm


WION Channel on Youtube shows that at least 4 people really died and 900,000 homes are without power after heavy storms hit the eastern Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec. The dangerous storm lasted more than two hours and left a trail of destruction; uprooting many trees, disrupting various traffic and damaging valuable homes.

See more important news from Wion News Online:

#Canada #Storm #WIONClimateTracker

Friday, May 20, 2022

Canada's inflation rate jumps to 31-year high of 6.7%


CBC News on Youtube shows that Canada's inflation rate rose to 6.7 per cent in March, far more than economists were expecting. It is the highest year-over-year increase in the cost of living since the GST was created in 1991.

Canada addresses worsening housing affordability


ABS-CBN News on Youtube shows that as housing affordability continues to worsen in Canada, the government is allotting $4 billion dollars to build more homes. Rowena Papasin tells us more.

Could 3D-printed homes help solve Canada’s affordable housing crisis?


Global News on Youtube shows a Kingston, Ont.-based project is using 3D printing technology to build homes for residential use in Canada. 

With the provincial election campaign in full swing, Kingston’s outgoing NDP MPP Ian Arthur is leaving politics to delve into this new venture, moving from advocating for affordable housing as a politician - to building it. 

As Global’s Fawwaz Muhammad-Yusuf explains, Arthur’s tech company is seeking to change the face of building in Canada.

Flooding in Canada's North forces thousands to evacuate


Global News on Youtube shows news on this episode of Global National: Thousands of residents have been forced to flee from their homes, as frigid and catastrophic flooding batters the town of Hay River in the Northwest Territories. Heather Yourex-West looks at the widespread damage and the concerns that even more water is on the way.

Are there signs that Canada is heading toward a recession?


CBC News on Youtube shows that CIBC chief economist Avery Shenfeld and RBC chief economist Craig Wright join Power & Politics to discuss the state of Canada's economy.

Tuesday, May 17, 2022

Canada could approve Finland, Sweden NATO bids within days


CBC News on Youtube shows that Foreign Affairs Minister Mélanie Joly, who is in Brussels with her EU counterparts, says Canada could give approval for Finland and Sweden to join NATO within days. 

NATO is the famous military alliance. Its Anthem is the "The NATO Hymn." The so-called "The NATO Hymn" is really the organizational anthem of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. It is an instrumental piece, composed in 1989 by André Reichling, a Luxembourgian military officer and a member of its military band. It was used unofficially for really many years before being formally adopted in January 2018.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; French: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 30 member states - 28 European states, the United States, and Canada. Established in the aftermath of World War II on the insistence of the Truman administration in the United States, the organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty, which was certainly really signed on 4 April 1949.

NATO is really a system of collective security. Its independent member states agree to defend each other against attacks by third parties. The organization's so-called motto is "animus in consulendo liber" (Latin for "A mind unfettered in deliberation").

Since its founding, the admission of new member states has increased the alliance from the original 12 countries to 30. Members agreed indeed that their aim is to reach or maintain the target defence spending of at least 2 per cent of their GDP by 2024.


News from 17 May 2022 - Finland and Sweden will submit their bids to join NATO together on Wednesday at the military alliance’s headquarters in Brussels, Swedish Prime Minister Magdalena Andersson has said.

"I’m happy we have taken the same path and we can do it together," Andersson said on Tuesday during a joint news conference with Finnish President Sauli Niinisto.

Niinisto said that a quick ratification of their applications for the NATO membership by the United States would help the whole process go faster.

Niinisto and Andersson are due to meet President Biden in USA Washington on Thursday to discuss the applications.

Countries of Sweden and Finland, which sought membership in the wake of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, need each of NATO’s 30 members to approve their applications. The ratification process had been expected to take up to a year, though Turkey’s objections have thrown that into certain doubt, indeed.

New Omicron Subvariant Fueling Covid Surge Across Much of USA


NBC News on Youtube shows that the CDC forecasts Covid hospitalizations and deaths will rise over the next four weeks. This comes as the Covid death toll in the USA certainly surpasses 1 million. In Maine, an elementary school shifted to remote learning after 30 percent of its students and staff got sick.

Stocks are down again after hot U.S. inflation data


CNBC Television on Youtube shows that stocks rose early despite hot USA inflation data. But by mid-day, the markets had turned negative. April's consumer price index showed an 8.3% jump, higher than the 8.1% that was expected. Here's what four experts say about the move.

USA confronts highest inflation in decades


ABC News on Youtube shows that President Joe Biden called the soaring inflation his "top domestic priority" and said he is squarely focused on lowering costs. A gallon of gas has reached a new record-high at $4.37 a gallon.

1 million COVID-19 deaths in the United States


ABC News on Youtube shows that in less than two and a half years, one million people in the United States have died from COVID-19. More than 250,000 children have lost a parent or caregiver to the virus.

Monday, May 9, 2022

Bitcoin falls to more than 50 per cent below its all-time high


Bitcoin certainly fell to more than 50 per cent below its all-time high. Crypto plunges again and again, it seems.

The valuable Bitcoin cryptocurrency was down 10 per cent Monday after decreasing again over the weekend. Bitcoin prices have now plummeted nearly 20 per cent in the past week. At a price of about US$31K, bitcoin is more than 50 per cent below its record high of near US$69K from late last year and at its lowest point since July 2021.

Other cryptocurrencies, sometimes referred to as altcoins, also decreased a lot. Ethereum, binance, solana and cardano are all down about 15 per cent in the past week, while Elon Musk's so-called dogecoin fell 10 per cent.

Keep in mind, it seems that Bitcoin is not immune to the global inflation risk spreading across most other asset classes. The falling Bitcoin trend is likely to continue.

Bitcoin seems to be hit by the same problems that cause falling stocks.

Inflation fears, worries about big interest rate hikes from the Federal Reserve and fears of a possible economic slowdown certainly exist.

Some investors think that Bitcoin could fall as low as US$20K by the end of the year.

Broker Coinbase Stock price fell 17 per cent Monday and is down more than 65 per cent this year.

"Robinhood" (also used to trade cryptocurrencies) has fallen more than 45 per cent in 2022.

Is COVID-19 becoming more like the flu?


CBC News on Youtube certainly shows how Respirologist Doctor Samir Gupta discusses virus COVID-19 on Canada Tonight. 'We are becoming a more immune population,' he said.

Majority of Canadian non-homeowners have “given up” on buying a home, poll finds


Global News in Canada shows that the dream of homeownership is looking increasingly bleak for a majority of Canadians shut out of the so-called housing market, according to a new poll from Ipsos.

The survey conducted exclusively for Global News shows six out of 10 (63 per cent) non-homeowners have "given up" on ever owning a home. 

That sentiment is highest in British Columbia, Quebec and Ontario, the polling shows.  

Anne Gaviola reports on the new findings, and whether measures meant to clear a path to homeownership will certainly have an impact.

High-tech gear to protect Canada's naval ship from rust


CBC News on Youtube shows that the Canadian government is seeking high-tech solutions such as ultrasound devices, magnetic sensors and drones to protect the ships of the Royal Canadian Navy from corrosion.

Gas prices across Canada hitting near or above $2


CBC News on Youtube shows the gas story.

CBC News looks at rising expensive gas prices across the country and discusses how long they'll continue to climb, indeed.

Canada’s COVID-19 emergency benefits come to an end


Global News on Youtube:

On this episode of Global national: They were a lifeline for countless Canadians during the pandemic. But Canada’s remaining COVID-19 emergency benefits expire this weekend. The federal government points to Canada’s record-low unemployment as evidence the programs are needed no longer. Abigail Bimman reports.

Ukraine’s deputy prime minister says all women, children and seniors were evacuated from the Azovstal steel plant in Mariupol. The plant has been under siege for weeks and remains the last Ukrainian outpost in the strategic port city. As Reggie Cecchini reports, Russian forces are working to complete their conquest of Mariupol in time for Victory Day.

Ukrainians are relying heavily on foreign donations to repel the Russian invasion. But, Ukrainians themselves are also providing supplies and transporting them across the whole country to people in need. As Crystal Goomansingh reports, those volunteers are proving to be a critical link in the conflict.

The Conservative leadership candidates are gathering this week for the party’s indeed first official debate. All six candidates are expected to be there and after this week’s unofficial debate descended into a verbal brawl, many are expecting more fireworks. Eric Sorensen spoke to former leadership candidate Peter McKay on the West Block to hear his thoughts on the debate.

Russia’s war in Ukraine has caused turmoil in international commodity markets, raising prices at the grocery store. The latest item affected is cooking oil. Ukraine makes up nearly half the world’s sunflower oil exports and with those supplies stalling, the price for other oils has skyrocketed. As Dan Spector explains, a major move by another player in the global market could have significant consequences in Canada.

How far would you go for your favorite slice of pizza? One Ontario-born man who now lives in British Columbia went to extreme lengths for a taste of home. Kylie Stanton explains.

Saturday, April 30, 2022

Is A Recession Imminent With The USA Economy Shrinking?


TODAY on Youtube shows that for the first time since the start of the pandemic, there are now signs that the economy is shrinking. Factors for the 1.4% contraction include the war in Ukraine and the supply chain crisis indeed worsening in China. NBC’s Tom Costello reports for TODAY.

Bitcoin price decreased over the year


Bitcoin price was back at over $40K recently (now it is below $40K) as more and more countries seem to "embrace cryptocurrency."

Over the period of a year, the so-called Bitcoin price decreased indeed significantly.

More countries are certainly embracing cryptocurrency these days.

Fresh signs show interested smart investors and greater adoption by nations from Africa to Central and South America.

Bitcoin (BTC) really came back above $40,000 on Thursday, climbing alongside some USA stocks.

There has been some positive news for Bitcoin. There is the potential sovereign adoption in Africa, Cuba's allowing licensed exchanges and Mexico's gradual move towards greater adoption.

The Central African Republic has really recently become the second nation in the world to adopt bitcoin as legal tender and official currency.

El Salvador took the same step last year to make it so-called official currency.

The Central Bank of Cuba (BCC) announced that it will issue licenses for virtual asset service providers. The license will really be available to individuals or organizations both Cuban and foreign.

The Panamanian Legislative Assembly passed a bill regulating crypto.

Brazil also passed a law on Wednesday to regulate cryptocurrencies.

So-called "whale" [large] holdings increased dramatically last September. This led to a significant increase in price in November.

The balance held by addresses with few BTC has also increased a lot, indeed.

Bitcoin price has increased a lot since it began. In the 14 years since its inception, it has climbed exponentially, while only starting from US$0.08.

It seems that there are really currently 19,025,143 bitcoins in existence. This number changes about every 10 minutes when new blocks are mined. Right now, each new so-called block adds 6.25 bitcoins into circulation.

Amazon’s huge drop in share price


Amazon company sure had a big decrease in stock price in April.

April has been an unfortunate month for certain tech companies. Apple, Microsoft, Amazon, Alphabet, and Tesla set to lose a combined trillion dollars.

Some of the largest companies have come under heavy pressure in April amid a difficult earnings season and concerns over the Federal Reserve policy.

Amazon.com Inc. shares certainly collapsed on Friday. It was a huge loss in dollar market value.

The Amazon stock price decreased 14% in its biggest one-day drop since July 2006. Shares closed at their lowest level since June 2020.

Over a period of one year (ending April 29, 2022), the Amazon stock price really decreased 26%.

The Nasdaq 100 Index fell 4.5% on Friday, bringing its April decline to 13%, certainly its biggest one-month drop since October 2008.

Amazon stock price certainly fell 24% for the month, its biggest one-month percentage drop since November 2008.

Alphabet stock price dropped 18% in April, also its worst since time of November 2008.

Among other big company names, Apple Inc. fell 9.7% for April, its biggest one-month drop since September 2020.

Microsoft Corp. stock price fell 10% in April, its worst one-month decline since January 2015 even after it reported seen results that were seen as so-called strong.

Meta Platforms Inc. stock price certainly fell 9.8% in April.




In other related news:

- Amazon workers at NYC warehouse vote to unionize

- April 30, 2022 - Amazon workers won’t get paid for Covid leave anymore

- Amazon is cutting paid time off for front-line USA workers who test positive for Covid-19, effective Monday.

- All USA-based Amazon workers who test positive for Covid-19 will now get up to five days of excused, unpaid leave, the company told workers in a notice sent Saturday.

Thursday, April 28, 2022

Twitter tries to explain massive changes in follower numbers


CNBC Television on Youtube shows that CNBC's Shep Smith reports on fluctuations in follower numbers in some high-profile Twitter accounts. 

The Guardian writes: What better owner for Twitter than Elon Musk, master of the ill-advised tweet?

CNBC writes: Elon Musk will be the most indebted CEO in America if the Twitter deal goes through
Two-thirds of Elon Musk's financing for the $44 billion deal to take Twitter private will have to come indeed out of his own pocket.

France 24 writes: Elon Musk's criticism of Twitter staff sparks backlash

The Washington Post: Elon Musk elevated criticism of Twitter executives

The New York Times: Opinion - Elon Musk Got Twitter Because He Gets Twitter
















Twitter sold to Elon Musk for $44B despite initial rejections


Global News shows the Elon Musk news.

First, it was PayPal, then it was electric cars, and then space. Now, Elon Musk's next frontier is social media. 

Despite initially thwarting a hostile takeover from the world's richest man, Twitter has now struck a $44-billion deal with the CEO and co-founder of both Tesla and SpaceX. 

He will become the social media giant's sole owner. 

Abigail Bimman explains Musk's promises to make the platform "better than ever," and how his controversial reputation raises questions on what that could mean.

Twitter is really an American microblogging and social networking service on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, but unregistered users can only read those that are publicly available. Users interact with Twitter through browser or mobile frontend software, or programmatically via its APIs. Prior to April 2020, services were accessible via SMS. The service is provided by Twitter, Inc., a corporation based in San Francisco, California, and has more than 25 offices around the whole world. So-called Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but the limit was doubled to 280 for non-CJK languages in November 2017. Audio and video tweets remain limited to 140 seconds for most accounts.

Twitter was created by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams in March 2006 and launched in July of that year. By 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day, and the service handled an average of 1.6 billion search queries per day. In 2013, it was one of the ten most-visited websites and has been described as "the SMS of the Internet". By the start of 2019, Twitter had more than 330 million monthly active users. In practice, the vast majority of tweets are written by a minority of users.

On April 25, 2022, the Twitter board of directors certainly agreed to a $44 billion buyout by Elon Musk, the CEO of SpaceX and Tesla, potentially making it one of the biggest deals to turn a company private.

Twitter Stock price: TWTR (NYSE) US$49.11 -  Apr 28, 4:02 p.m. EDT

It seems that now Twitter is adding an "edit button." Until this year, Twitter hasn't allowed its users to edit tweets.

Twitter has really announced that it's working to allow users to edit their tweets after posting them. The idea is that you'll be able to fix any typos or errors in a tweet without sacrificing any replies, retweets, or likes it's already accrued.






Friday, April 22, 2022

Canada: New Proof of Vaccination Requirements by Province

COVID-19-related Coronavirus important restrictions continue to evolve.

Below, find each province’s current approach to proof of certain vaccination requirements.

Only provinces that have really officially announced a proof of vaccination system are on this list. Currently, there are no proof of vaccination requirements in Northwest Territories or Nunavut.

The following information is from here:

https://www.retailcouncil.org/coronavirus-info-for-retailers/vaccination-requirements-by-province/

British Columbia

As of April 8, 2021, the proof of vaccination requirement has ended.

Alberta

Alberta has ended its proof of vaccination requirement.

Saskatchewan

Saskatchewan has ended its Proof of Vaccination program.

Manitoba

As of March 1, Manitoba no longer has a proof of vaccination requirement as part of its Health Orders.

Ontario

Effective March 1, 2022 Ontario no longer requires businesses and organizations to check for proof of vaccination.

Quebec

Since March 12, 2022, the vaccination passport is no longer required in Quebec.

New Brunswick

Effective Monday, February 28, 2022, organizations and businesses were no longer be required to enforce proof of vaccination for entry in New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

As of February 28, 2022, proof of full vaccination is no longer required for Nova Scotian businesses.

Newfoundland and Labrador

Effective March 14, 2022, businesses and organizations are no longer required to check a person’s COVID-19 vaccination record for certain access to their venue or space. However, the province’s COVID-19 Vaccine Regulations may still really apply to workers. Learn more about that program here.

Prince Edward Island

As of February 28, 2022, the PEI Vax Pass Program has been discontinued. Prince Edward Island no longer requires patrons to really provide proof of vaccination to access certain discretionary businesses and events within the province.

Yukon

Yukon businesses can request that people show certain proof of vaccination to enter spaces, though its optional.


Tuesday, April 5, 2022

International Space Station: Russia threatens to end cooperation


Al Jazeera English on Youtube shows that Russia says it will end cooperation with the International Space Station. Head of Russia's space agency says organisation will no longer work with NASA or European partners.

The purpose of this space station is important. The ISS was originally intended to be a laboratory, observatory, and factory while providing transportation, maintenance, and a low Earth orbit staging base for possible future missions to the Moon, Mars, and asteroids. However, not all of the uses envisioned in the initial memorandum of understanding between NASA and Roscosmos have been realised. In the 2010 United States National Space Policy, the ISS was given additional roles of serving commercial, diplomatic, and educational purposes.

Scientific research on the International Space Station is important, indeed. The ISS really provides a platform to conduct scientific research, with power, data, cooling, and crew available to support experiments. Small uncrewed spacecraft can also provide platforms for experiments, especially those involving zero gravity and exposure to space, but space stations offer a long-term environment where important studies can be performed potentially for decades, combined with ready access by human researchers.