Friday, October 23, 2020 - DigMandarin Forum

See experienced teachers and language experts. They will answer your questions. See topics covering Chinese learning skills, culture, grammar, exams, business Chinese and more.

The Chinese language is the oldest written language in the world. It has least six thousand years of history. The Chinese written language uses single distinctive symbols, or characters, to represent each word of the vocabulary. The vast majority of characters are written versions of spoken sounds that have meaning. A large dictionary usually contains 40,000 characters.

To read a newspaper, a person usually should be able to recognize 2,000 to 3,000 characters. The written system has been altered over time due to various historical changes. However, the principles of the language (and the symbols and characters) have remained basically the same.

Many Chinese dialects exist. The written language can be further subdivided into three forms: simplified, traditional, and informal slang or phonetic. There is also a form called "pin-yin." This is the Chinese language transcribed using a roman spelling.

China is officially the People's Republic of China (PRC). This is a country in East Asia. It is the world's most populous country. It had a population of around 1.4 billion in 2019.

China emerged as one of the world's first civilizations, in the fertile basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain.

The invention of gunpowder and movable type in the Tang dynasty (618-907) and Northern Song (960-1127) completed the Four Great Inventions.

China has been characterized as an emerging superpower, mainly because of its large economy, fast infrastructural development, and powerful massive military.










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