Sunday, November 14, 2021

Canada: Vaccinations provide hope as Ontario, Manitoba see COVID-19 cases rise

CBC News: The National in Canada shows that COVID-19 cases are rising in several parts of the country, leading Manitoba to reinstate some restrictions and Ontario pausing plans to lift more capacity limits. But the high vaccination rate and the pending approval of a vaccine for children is giving many hope.

On January 12, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed that a novel coronavirus was the cause of a respiratory illness in a cluster of people in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, reported to the WHO on December 31, 2019.

The case fatality ratio for COVID-19 has been much lower than SARS of 2003, but the transmission has been significantly greater, with a significant death toll.

Vaccination for the dangerous virus is important. Health Canada is responsible for approval and regulation of vaccines (and other pharmaceuticals), while the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) is responsible for public health, emergency preparedness and response, and infectious and chronic disease control and prevention. Vaccines are authorized by Health Canada, purchased by the Government of Canada and distributed by PHAC to individual provinces and territories in tranches based on various factors such as population size and prioritized peoples. The National Advisory Committee on Immunization (NACI) has also issued recommendations on how vaccines should be distributed.

The National Research Council Canada (NRC) has made investments in the domestic development of vaccine candidates, including candidates by the University of Saskatchewan and Variation Biotechnologies.

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